Cyber Law Articles

Cyber Law Articles- Dr. Pavan Duggal


Apart from having authored various books, Dr. Pavan Duggal has also written several articles on issues of cyber law, cyber crime and terrorism, social media, technology, the IT Act, and other areas on which he is an expert. The following are the list of some important articles written by Dr. Pavan Duggal, Advocate, Supreme Court of India and Asia’s& India’s leading authority on Cyber law, on various aspects of Cyber law.


  1. Cyber law In India: The Information Technology Act 2000 – Some Perspectives
  2. Section 66A OF IT Act – your friend or foe?
  3. Social Media and Indian Cyber law
  4. Ethics for Indian Cybertariats
  5. Has the BPO industry hit a speed-breaker?
  6. Hidden camera and law
  8. Spamming isnt a legal offence in India
  9. Protected Systems and Networks
  10. Regulations being introduced by RFID
  11. When someone misuses official e-mail
  12. Cyber law And Data Security
  13. THE LEGAL view on Data Centres
  14. Legislate Privacy, At Least
  15. Telecommunications Convergence Law in India – A Critique
  16. Indian Legal Response to Cyber Security
  17. Does the UID project infringe on privacy?
  18. Think again before you post
  19. Cyber Law – Global Trends in 2014
  20. If all goes well, Indian IT Act may enter 21st century
  21. How online privacy is linked to your pocket
  22. India to issue advisory against child pornography
  23. Don’t let technology become your masterJustice Grover to students
  24. Legislative language must ensure balance between curbing rights and protecting them: PavanDuggal
  25. India lacks laws to protect customers of digital transactions: Experts
  26. ‘Why were stricter laws not invoked against café owners?
  27. No laws in India to protect customers if they lose money during digital transactions
  28. Bringing cyber security to the fore
  29. Digital Signatures not catching on
  30. Over to Digital Signature Regime
  31. A new password every fortnight
  32. Indian Android smartphone are at data theft risk: Experts
  33. Dev 360: To go cashless, win people’s trust first
  34. Go Digital Drive Brought Cyber Security To The Fore In India
  35. Delhi cops to get ‘one touch’ internet monitoring system
  36. Digital economy needs stricter cyber laws
  37. No laws in India to protect customers if they lose money during digital transactions
  38. Apple and Google to encrypt smartphones in India with Aadhaar
  39. Why virtual reality will redefine porn
  40. Next up for DigiLocker integrationPAN card and private service providers
  41. Why we need a digital heir after death (Tech Trend)
  42. Who leaked Udta Punjab online?
  43. PORN: Reliance Jio, Airtel, RCom, Vodafone, Telenor mull parental firewall for parents
  44. Australia’s new data breach disclosure laws have a rather floppy definition of ‘breach’
  45. How Europe Can Fight Cyber Attacks (And Win)
  46. Clinton vs Trump: Here’s How Symantec Simulated a Cyberattack on US Presidential Election
  47. New FBI release on Clinton email probe refers to ‘Shadow Government’
  48. Internet providers claim cyber attack, to meet senior cop
  49. The CIA is Preparing for a Major Cyberattack Against Russia
  50. Laws to tighten privacy after data breach
  51. TalkTalk hit with record fine for cyber attack
  52. SEC May Use Yahoo Case to Set Data Breach Disclosure Rules
  53. Yahoo, LinkedIn, Apple iCloud: 10 Big Data Breaches
  54. “Hacked” e-mail account of White House worker exposed in 2013 password breach
  55. Couple’s bank account drained by thieves using recent Wendy’s data breach
  56. Michelle Obama data breach: purported scan of first lady’s passport appears online
  57. Bank informs RBI of security breach: Axis suffers cyber attack, hires EY to probe damage
  58. Cyber crime cell for ransomware cases soon
  59. European ATM cyber-attacks up 28%, those using dynamite up 30%
  60. Smart home devices used in cyberattack on tech writer’s site
  61. Teenager appears in court over TalkTalk cyber-attack
  62. German politicians faced cyberattack: report
  63. N-power plant disrupted by cyber attack, says IAEA
  64. UK finance groups face surge in cyber attacks
  65. Air Force general: F-16s may be vulnerable to cyber attack
  66. Two Teenagers Arrested for Massive Cyber Attack that Targeted Illinois Businesses
  67. Hackers Hijack ‘Smart Devices’ for Huge Cyberattack
  68. Hacked by your fridge: the Internet of Things could spark a new wave of cyber attacks
  69. BAE Systems: A cyber attack could cost your business £1 million
  70. Singapore sees spike in number of cyberattack-for-ransom cases
  71. German military carried out first foreign cyber-attack in Afghan hostage op – report
  72. The dark web marketplace where you can buy 200 million Yahoo accounts is under cyberattack
  73. Energy sector sees increase in cyber-attacks
  74. Virtual Safety: Cyber security in AR/VR games
  75. FBI probes hacks targeting phones of Democratic Party officials: sources
  76. Australian Bureau of Meteorology hacked by foreign spies, cybersecurity report reveals
  77. PavanDuggal on why Indian banks lose the security plot Local court invokes annulled Sec 66A to convict a man 
  78. 11,592 cases of cyber crime registered in India in 2015: NCRB
  79. Lack of privacy law reason behind WhatsApp petition
  80. Aadhaar legal tangle: Govt can be taken to task for contempt of court; experts wonder why SC didn’t
  81. Aadhaar Act needs a relook from the security and privacy aspect, to avoid mistakes made with the IT Act
  82. Cyber-law inadequacies pose challenges for all
  83. India needs better legal framework for electronic health records
  84. Common Man Is Asking For Accountability’, Says PavanDuggal
  85. Nasscom chief saying full data protection isn’t possible should wake us from our digital slumber
  86. Post demonetization: Era of cyber law and security
  87. Govt must declare computer systems as ‘protected’
  88. Hackers take payment e-commerce firms for a ride
  89. Was Westmister terrorist guided by a mastermind? Killer’s phone was STILL connected to another on Whatsapp when he died raising fears he was taking instructions
  90. Need to make Aadhaar ecosystem more cyber secure: Expert
  91. Aadhaar data leaked from more govt departments, UIDAI asks for audit to prevent further leak
  92. Privacy protection: Need for proactive cyber legal approaches in India
  93. BJP On The Possibility Of Digitised India
  94. Cyber crimes: Centre may soon come out with rules to validate electronic evidence
  95. Data privacy back in spotlight
  96. Hackers running parallel cab-hailing platforms
  97. Cyber-law inadequacies pose challenges for all
  98. ‘Pentagon Was Hacked Too’: PiyushGoyal On Security For Digital Payments
  99. India lacks laws to protect customers of digital transactions: Experts
  100. Nasscom chief saying full data protection isn’t possible should wake us from our digital slumber
  101. To go cashless, win people’s trust first
  102. Net neutrality in India: Here’s why India shouldn’t jump the gun on net neutrality
  103. Business rivals commit most cyber crimes
  104. India to finally get electronic evidence authenticators
  105. Indian cyber security needs comprehensive legal framework: Expert
  106. Banks gear up to make plastic money more secure for customers
  107. Why 2015 Was A Landmark Year For Indian Cyberlaw?
  108. Paper leak: What measures government should take to check it.
  109. Govt proposes integration of PAN cards with DigiLocker
  110. Behind the scenes of Escort Economy 2.0
  111. Exciting career options: The web world is evolving and so is cyber law
  112. Nothing private? Govt wants to have a say in your online chats
  113. Surfing the dark net for drugs
  114. Legal notices sent over ‘anti-social’ messages
  115. Planning your digital afterlife
  116. Get ready for digital signatures
  117. Supreme Court hearing on 2009 defamation case against Google gets underway
  118. Cyber snoops hack India’s secrets: Report reveals how internet spies may have ‘compromised’ the nation’s security
  119. ‘Unprecedented and terrifying’: Extent of mobile snooping exposed as Vodaphone reveals government sought access to millions of Indians’ data
  120. India’s liberal tag in shreds, politicians clamp down on any comment or remark on their wrongdoings
  121. Manual acknowledges tax sleuths’ shortcomings on digital caches
  122. Uber Trouble – Govt Mulling IP Address Ban Making Uber App Unusable
  123. Indian court orders Facebook, Google to offer plans for protecting children
  124. Con callers are on a roll: Missed calls from foreign numbers fleecing Indians
  125. The freedom of expression debate: The State must mend fences with The Web
  126. Karnataka porn row: It is a grave offence, says cyber law expert
  127. Breach and the economics of demerit goods
  128. Reading ‘The Satanic Verses’ not a punishable offence, say legal experts
  129. Meet me in cyberspace
  130. India wants to ban porn—will it work?
  131. ‘We can’t block porn!’ Service providers tell Supreme Court they need help to keep obscene content out
  132. The pharmacist goes online
  133. India cracks down on Internet after communal violence
  134. Delhi Police probing Google’s map contest
  135. Is porn addiction on the rise in Bangalore?
  136. Are you a credit card fraud victim?
  137. Can India churn out ethical hackers like it has produced coders & programmers?
  138. Hacking: Experts call for code
  139. App-based taxi booking services to be banned in Maharashtra
  140. Clone SIM with threatening messages baffle cops
  141. Security firms thrive as govt, firms step up security plans




  1. Cyber crime Cyber crime Everywhere- no place to hide
  2. Our cyber cells are not equipped to deal with cyber crime
  3. Tackling Cyber Crimes – Need for Stringent Laws
  4. Theft of ATM password attracts IPC and cyber law
  5. India: Terrorism And Cyber crime
  6. Your cyber crime-friendly legislation
  7. A warning against the Internet’s dangers
  8. India: Terrorism And Cyber crime
  9. Indian Blackout – Some legal perspectives
  10. Trump Organization’s ‘problematic’ cybersecurity risks email hack — report
  11. Canada’s cybersecurity strategy is anemic: expert
  12. Smart Grids Aren’t Secure, Survey Says
  13. Cloud Security Replacing CybersecurityIndustry, Says Analyst
  14. Slovak Finance Ministry drafts country’s first cybersecuritylaw
  15. Workers in London’s financial centre are being bombarded with ransomware
  16. These free ransomware decryption tools have rescued data from 2,500 locked devices
  17. European ransomware initiative gains 13 new member countries
  18. Ransomware scam being spread through fake bill
  19. Kaspersky Cybersecurity: Strengthening govt initiatives, enterprise and cyber insurance
  20. Chief Economic Advisor’s twitter account hacked
  21. New draft of cyberresponse plan nearly ready for release
  22. Cybercrime and Fraud Cost UK £10.9 Billion in a Year
  23. Cybercrime as a Service: Europol Hints at Militants Using Darknet Cyber crime in South Africa – top of the agenda for CFOsG7 Nations Plan To Team Up To Tackle Financial Cybercrime
  24. Cybercrimes rule high, but no chief at tribunal for 5 years
  25. Business rivals commit most cyber crimes
  26. Southern states most net-savvy but Maharashtra tops in online fraud
  27. Security concerns on transactions increase as residents go cashless
  28. Jamiaorganises seminar on cyber crime
  29. IRCTC hacking: Railways claims no leakage of ‘sensitive’ data
  30. ‘Go digital’ drive brought cyber security to the fore in India
  31. Cyber security is a major concern in transactions
  32. Cyber Security: How Rahul, Congress Twitter accounts may have been hacked
  33. PavanDuggal on why Indian banks lose the security plot
  34. India bans 22 social media sites in kashmir over alleged abuse videos
  35. Hackers Release NSA Malware, Indian Servers in the Firing Line
  36. Lack of privacy law reason behind Whats App petition
  37. Post demonetization: Era of cyber law and security
  38. ‘Common Man Is Asking For Accountability’, Says PavanDuggal
  39. Punishing WhatsApp, Facebook group admins for offensive posts may be a harsh move, but necessary
  40. Aadhaar: A convenience or a curse? Misinformation and fear distort the real issues with the service
  41. Centre working to reintroduce draft encryption policy
  42. Pokemon GO has brought to fore the need to update India’s legal framework: PavanDuggal
  43. Viral Sach: Can ISIS trap you in its WhatsApp group ‘Firdaus we ascend’?
  44. India’s first billionaire banker is betting big on mobile. Will customers pick up his call?
  45. Muslim man arrested in UP for using martyred police officer’s image as Facebook profile picture
  46. Cybercrime is on the rise in Gurugram
  47. Hackers take payment e-commerce firms for a ride
  48. Question on cyber security: As India goes cashless, how safe digital payments are?
  49. No phone, no problem – just a thumbprint will pay the bill
  50. Union Budget 2017 – A Cyber Ecosystem Perspective
  51. Thanks to An Outdated Law, 2017 Will Be The Year Of Mobile Frauds
  52. Data Security: No Room for Complacency
  53. Delhi cops to get ‘one touch’ internet monitoring system
  54. Southern states most net-savvy but Maharashtra tops in online fraud
  55. How online privacy is linked to your pocket
  56. Security concerns increase on transactions increase as residents go cashless
  57. Popular photo editing software may use privacy loopholes to steal your identity, warn cops
  58. The Fake News problem in India can get out of hand if not controlled in due time; experts tell us why
  59. How safe are you from cyber attacks?
  60. Social media addicts, watch what you post online!
  61. New laws and legislation should be formed to stop rising instances of cyber crime, says Supreme Court
  62. Apple and Google to encrypt smartphones in India with Aadhaar
  63. Indian banks need to adopt fully-encrypted ATM security solutions
  64. Open public Wi-Fi networks boon for hackers to steal sensitive data
  65. Cyber crime cases shoot up post demonetization
  66. Lack of strong laws makes ATMs vulnerable to cyber attacks
  67. End-to-End Encryption a Boon for Terror Groups in India, Claim Experts
  68. Railway ministry denies IRCTC hacking
  69. The deep, dark side of web! How people are getting drugs, guns delivered at doorstep
  70. Secured, hacking-free cloud service is what India needs
  71. Getting justice in cyber crime is difficult
  72. No laws in India to protect customers if they lose money during digital transactions
  73. How safe are our CCTV cameras?
  74. India unprepared to tackle online data security: report
  75. Mittal’s Social Trade: A Ponzi Scam In Substance, But Not In Form?
  76. Indian govt to ask tech intermediaries like Gmail, Whatsapp to store user info
  77. Government Makes Aadhaar Mandatory to Register New Businesses
  78. Sex, honour, shame and blackmail in an online world
  79. The WhatsApp suicide
  80. Facebook comes under government scanner for hosting ‘insulting comments’ against judiciary
  81. Indians turning to virtual private network VPN for anonymous, safe internet experience
  82. Viral Sach: Your internet banking account can be hacked through Facebook
  83. Viral Sach: Can a ‘death’ call from 777888999 explode phone and get receiver killed?
  84. Is social media prone to exaggeration?
  85. End-to-end encryption: Both a boon and a bane
  86. J&K social media ban: Use of 132-year-old Act can’t stand judicial scrutiny, say experts
  87. Trolls today are all over Twitter, Facebook, YouTube
  88. Cyber crime: 1,600 arrested, only 7 convicted
  89. Government aims to tackle child pornography with more ‘control’ over social networking sites
  90. Socializing with a virtual wallet
  91. Indian govt second highest seeker of internet users’ private info, says Google
  92. India’s trouble with monitoring of social media continues
  93. Movie pirates stay a step ahead of police
  94. Can you bank on social network?
  95. Terror on Twitter: the life and crimes of Mehdi
  96. New law to protect individual privacy
  97. Rubbing Out Internet Porn Won’t Be Easy for the Indian Government
  98. Unknown missed calls can empty your wallet
  99. What Is Cybercrime?
  100. A Mumbai Student Vents on Facebook, and the Police Come Knocking
  101. Phishing and pharming dangers
  102. India Debates Misuse of Social Media
  103. Video recordings of gang rapes on rise in India in effort to shame, silence the victim
  104. North- East hate sites blocked… But it took a month for government to muzzle hateful propaganda
  105. How secure are India’s call centres?
  106. Free speech at risk as Government plays humourless cyber cop
  107. Legalise porn?
  108. Indians tape gang rapes to silence victims



  1. Logging Into Terror


  1. Tablets for reform in education


  1. Think again before you post
  2. Social Media and Indian Cyber law
  3. Covering act Social Media & Section 66A of Indian Cyber Law



  1. Indian pop stars attract cyber squatters too
  2. The strain of setting online music store
  3. Data theft on BPOs
  4. Digital signature is not catching on
  5. How valid are e-records of board meetings?


  1. Liability of CIOs
  2. Sold a Lemon Online? For Fake iPhone Buyers, Law Comes to Rescue


  1. The Information Technology Act, 2000 – Some Perspectives.
  2. The Information Technology Act
  3. We are not keeping up pace


  1. Cyber law trends of 2010
  2. Cyber deterrence
  3. India does not need ‘web-cops’
  4. Protecting the Virtual Cob-Web
  5. Indian Budget 2016 – A digital flavour
  6. Getting India’s maps right
  7. Digital India at the expense of Net neutrality?


  1. SC sets tone for course correction


  1. Legal issues related to outsourcing in India


  1. Does the UID project infringe on privacy?
  2. Aadhaar Act, 2016 Should be Amended to Improve Cybersecurity

ON s.66A of IT Act, 2000

  1. Year 2012 and Section 66A of Indian Cyberlaw, The Economic Times January 9, 2013
  2. PavanDuggal via Live Web Chat on the essence of Sec 66A of the Information Technology Act.
  3. A Great Service To The Cause Of Free Speech
  4. IT Leaders, Lawyers Welcome SC Ruling on 66A of the IT Act