Cyber Law Repository

Cyber Legislation UNCTAD

 

E-commerce Development in Ghana/West Africa & Cyber Security Challenges

 

U.S. Safe Web Act

This Act provides the FTC with a number of tools to improve enforcement regarding fraudulent spam, spyware, misleading advertising, privacy and security breaches, and other consumer protection matters, particularly those with an international dimension. Among other things, the Act allows increased cooperation with foreign law enforcement authorities through confidential information sharing, provision of investigative assistance, and enhanced staff exchanges. In certain limited circumstances it enables the FTC to obtain information in domestic or foreign consumer protection matters from third parties without tipping off investigative targets.

https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/statutes/us-safe-web-act

 

 

Cyber Laws in Asia

 

  • INDIA

Information Technology Act, 2000

India has adopted the Information Technology Act, 2000 (No. 21 of 2000) being the Cyber Law in India aimed at promoting e-commerce. Further the Information Technology Act, 2000 (No. 21 of 2000) has been amended by the the Information Technology (Amendment) Act, 2008 (No. 10 of 2009). It includes penal substantive rules, regulations and also procedural rules.

  • MALDIVES

Maldives does not have any officially recognized regulation pertaining to Cyber Law.

Maldives has signed a Memorandum of Collaboration against Malicious Activities in Cyberspace with Japan Ministry of Information and Communication.

(http://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/Cybersecurity/Documents/Country_Profiles/Maldives.pdf)

National Security Policy 2012

http://www.defence.gov.mv/english/images/publications/National_Security_Policy_2012.pdf

  • BANGLADESH

Bangladesh Telecommunication Act, 2001.

Bangladesh Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Act, 2006 amended in the year of 2009 & 2013

(http://www.ictd.gov.bd/site/page/afc77b3b-33e5-4a27-b453-6c48a9fe61f8)

Bangladesh Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Act, 2006 are the main substantive law of cyber crimes.

  • BHUTAN

Bhutan does not have any specific cybercrime legislation but it has adopted the Bhutan Information and Communication Media Act 2006http://www.moic.gov.bt/daden/uploads/2014/04/actenglish2006.pdf provides functions, responsibilities and powers of the Ministry of Information and Communications; the establishment of the Bhutan Infocomm and Media Authority; provision of ICT facilities and ICT services; provisions relating to radio communications; provisions relating to media issues; provisions relating to cyber issues such as e-governance, e-commerce, consumer protection and online privacy; and offences, penalties and legal proceedings.

  • CHINA

Regulations on Safeguarding Computer Information Systems, Feb. 1996

(http://fas.org/irp/world/china/docs/computer_code.htm)

Article 1- These regulations have been formulated to safeguard computer information systems, to promote the application and development of computers, and to ensure smooth progress in socialist modernization.

 

  • INDONESIA

Indonesia does not have any specific Cyber Law legislation but it has adopted Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 11 of 2008 Concerning Electronic Information and Transactions, see http://www.bu.edu/bucflp/files/2012/01/Law-No.-11-Concerning-Electronic-Information-and-Transactions.pdf

Regulation Number 82 of 2012 Concerning Electronic System and Transaction Operation http://rulebook-jica.ekon.go.id/english/4902_ PP_82_2012_e.html.

Law on Consumers’ Protection 1999 http://www.cipatent.com/consumersprotectionlaw. pdf

Pornography Law 2008.

  • MALAYSIA

Malaysia has adopted the Computer Crimes Act 1997 of Malaysia (http://www.agc.gov.my/Akta/Vol.%2012/Act%20563.pdf). Part II of the Computer Crimes Act 1997 of Malaysia deals with offences. It includes penal substantive rules, regulations and also procedural rules.

The Computer Crimes Act 1997 of Malaysia & the Penal Code (Revised 1997) of Malaysia, are the main substantive law.

Electronic Commerce Act 2006 http://www.agc.gov.my/Akta/Vol.%2014/Act%20 658.pdf.

Electronic Government Activities Act 2007 http://unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/ documents/apcity/unpan031538.pdf.

Digital Signature Act 1997 http://www.skmm.gov.my/Legal/Acts/DIGITAL-SIGNATURE-ACT-1997-REPRINT-2002.aspx.

Personal Data Protection Act 2010 http://www.kpkk.gov.my/pdf/Personal%20Data%20 Protection%20Act%202010.pdf.

Communications and Multimedia Act 1998 http://www.skmm.gov.my/Legal/Acts/ Communications-and-Multimedia-Act-1998- Reprint-200.aspx.

Consumer Protection Act 1999 http://www.agc.gov.my/Akta/Vol.%2012/Act%20 599%20-%20Consumer%20Protection%20Act%20 1999.pdf.

  • MYANMAR

Myanmar does not have any specific Cyber Law legislation but it has adopted the Electronic Transactions Law ( The State Peace and Development Council Law No. 5/2004 ) The 12th Waxing of Kason 1366 M.E. (30th April, 2004) (http://unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/documents/un-dpadm/unpan041197.pdf).

Electronic Transaction Law 2004 http://unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/ documents/un-dpadm/unpan041197.pdf.

Computer Science Development Law 1996 http://www.wipo.int/wipolex/en/text.jsp?file_ id=182055.

  • NEPAL

Nepal does not have any specific Cyber Law legislation but it has adopted The Electronic Transaction Act, 2063 & Electronic Transaction Rules 2064 (http://moste.gov.np/document_search&filter_name=electronic%20#.VMtIctKUeBk) which is the Nepal’s first cyber law. The Chapter 9 of the Electronic Transaction Act, 2063 deals with various cybercrimes. It includes penal substantive rules, regulations and also procedural rules.

  •  SINGAPORE

Singapore does not have any officially recognized national legislation pertaining to cyber law. But it has adopted the Electronic Transactions Act (ETA) (Cap 88) (seehttp://www.ida.gov.sg/Policies-and-Regulations/Acts-and-Regulations/Electronic-Transactions-Act-and-Regulations) was first enacted in July 1998 to provide a legal foundation for electronic signatures, and to give predictability and certainty to contracts formed electronically.

The Computer Misuse and Cybersecurity Act (http://statutes.agc.gov.sg/aol/search/display/view.w3p;page=0;query=DocId:8a3534de-991c-4e0e-88c5-4ffa712e72af%20%20Status:inforce%20Depth:0;rec=0) &

Spam Control Act (http://statutes.agc.gov.sg/aol/search/display/view.w3p;ident=25e653e9-ddc4-4b48-85f5-0a3817c1ea55;page=0;query=Id%3A%22b81d86b6-20e4-4467-93ed-9c3901c55e73%22%20Status%3Ainforce;rec=0#legis) are the main substantive law.

In addition, Personal Data Protection Act 2012 of the Singaporehttp://www.mci.gov.sg/~/media/data/mci/docs/infocomm/dataprotectionbill/pdpa.pdf?la=en

Consumer Protection (Fair Trading) Act 2003 (http://statutes.agc.gov.sg/).
MDA Internet Code of Practice

(http://www.mda.gov.sg/Documents/PDF/licences/ mobj.981.Internet_Code_of_Practice.pdf).

  • THAILAND

Thailand does not have any specific Cyber Law legislation but it has adopted Computer Crime Act B.E 2550 (2007) of Thailand (http://www.thailawforum.com/database1/thailand-computer-crime-law.html). The Computer Crime Act B.E 2550 (2007) of Thailand deals with various cyber crimes. It includes substantive rules, regulations and also procedural rules. (http://www.thailawforum.com/articles/laws-and-policies-of-thailand-in-supporting-electronic-commerce-2.html)

Electronic Transactions Act 2001
(http://www.bot.or.th/English/PaymentSystems/BOT_ps/PSRegulation/Documents/et_act_2544_Eng.pdf).

Consumer Protection Act 1979
(http://www.asianlii.org/th/legis/consol_act/cpa1979246/).
Unfair Contract Terms Act 1997
(http://www.samuiforsale.com/law-texts/unfaircontract-terms-act.html (unofficial translation).

  • BRUNEI DARUSSALAM

Electronic Transactions Act 2008http://www.agc.gov.bn/agc1/images/LOB/PDF/Electronic%20Transactions%20(chp.196).pdf.

Computer Misuse Act 2007http://www.agc.gov.bn/agc1/images/LOB/PDF/Computer%20Misuse.pdf.

Sale of Goods Act 1999 http://www.agc.gov.bn/agc1/images/LOB/PDF/ Chp.170.pdf.

Unfair Contract Terms Act 1999 http://www.agc.gov.bn/agc1/images/LOB/PDF/ Chp.171.pdf.

Authority for Info-communications Technology Brunei Darussalam Order 2001 http://www.agc.gov.bn/agc1/images/LOB/Order/ ABC/A/Authority%20for%20info-communica­tions%20Technology%20Industry%20of%20BD%20 Order,%202001.pdf.

  • CAMBODIA

Law on the Press 1995 (Khmer only) http://cambodia.ohchr.org/klc_pages/KLC_files/ section_006/section06_002_1995.pdf.

Regulations on Registration of Domain Names for Internet under the Top Level “kh” http://www.gocambodia.com/KHDomainReg/ Regulation_on_Reg.asp.

  • THE LAO PEOPLE’S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC

Electronic Transactions Law 2012.

Ministry of Information and Culture, Special Provisions (416/IC) for Control of the Content and the Information and Data Obtained via the Internet System.

Telecommunication Law 2001 http://www.wipo.int/wipolex/en/text.jsp?file_ id=180335.

  • THE PHILIPPINES

Electronic Commerce Act 2000 http://www.lawphil.net/statutes/repacts/ra2000/ ra_8792_2000.html.

Data Privacy Act (2012) http://www.lawphil.net/statutes/repacts/ra2012/ ra_10173_2012.html.

Cybercrime Prevention Act 2012 http://www.lawphil.net/statutes/repacts/ra2012/ ra_10175_2012.html.

Consumer Act 1991 http://www.lawphil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1992/ ra_7394_1992.html.

Alternative Dispute Resolution Act 2004

http://www.lawphil.net/statutes/repacts/ra2004/ ra_9285_2004.html.

  •  VIET NAM

Law on E-transactions 2005 http://chinhphu.vn/portal/page/portal/English/legaldocuments/Policies?categoryId=886&articl eId=10001393.

Decree No. 26 providing detailed regulations on the implementation of the Law on E-transactions on digital signature and digital signature certification services http://www.moj.gov.vn/vbpq/en/Lists/Vn%20bn%20 php%20lut/View_Detail.aspx?ItemID=4172.

Management and Use of Internet Services Decree 2001 http://www.moj.gov.vn/vbpq/en/Lists/Vn%20bn%20 php%20lut/View_Detail.aspx?ItemID=9441.

Law on Protection of Consumers’ Rights 2010.

  1. Albania

National security and defence strategies

National Security Strategy (2014) Original

National cyber security strategy

Cyber Security Strategy (2014) Original

  1. Belgium

National cyber security strategy

Cyber Security Strategy. Securing Cyberspace (2012) Dutch | French | [ENGLISH NOT FOUND]
Cyber Security Strategy for Defence (2014) Original | English

  1. Bulgaria

National Security and Defence Strategies

White Paper on Defence and the Armed Forces of the Republic of Bulgaria (2010) Original | English

National cyber security strategy

Cyber Resilient Bulgaria 2020 (2016) Original | English       

  1. Canada

National cyber security strategy

Canada’s Cyber Security Strategy. For a Stronger and More Prosperous Canada (2010) English 

Action Plan 2010-2015 for Canada’s Cyber Security Strategy (2013) English
Action Plan for Critical Infrastructures 2014-2017 (2014) English | French

 

  1. Croatia

National cyber security strategy

The National Cyber Security Strategy of the Republic of Croatia (2015) Original | English

National legislation

Information Security Act (2007) Original | English

 

  1. Czech Republic

National security and defence strategies 
Security Strategy of the Czech Republic 2015 (2015) Original | English
White Paper on Defence (2011) Original | English
The Long Term Perspective for Defence 2030 (2015) Original | English

National cyber security strategy
Cyber Security Strategy of the Czech Republic 2015-2020 (2015) Original | English
Action Plan for the National Cyber Security Strategy 2015-2020 Original | English

National legislation
Act on Cyber Security (2014) Original | English

  1. Denmark

National security strategy
Danish Defence Agreement 2013-2017 (2012) Original | English

National cyber security strategy
National Strategy for Cyber and Information Security (2014) Original | English

 

  1. Estonia

National security and defence strategies
National Security Concept of Estonia (2010) Original | English
National Defence Strategy (2010) Original | English

National cyber security strategy
Cyber Security Strategy (2014) Original English

 

  1. France

National security and defence strategies
White Paper: Defence and National Security (2013) Original | English

National cyber security strategy
French National Digital Security Strategy (2015)  Original | English | Other

 

  1. Germany

National security and defence strategies
White Paper 2016 on German Security Policy and the Future of the Bundeswehr (2016) Original English       *NEW*

National cyber security strategy
Cyber Security Strategy for Germany (2011) Original English

National legislation
IT Security Act (2015) Original | English (translation based on the draft Act)

 

  1. Hungary

National security and defence strategies
Hungary’s National Security Strategy (2012) Original English
Hungary’s National Military Strategy (2012) Original | English

National cyber security strategy
National Cyber Security Strategy of Hungary (2013) Original | English

National legislation
Act on the Electronic Information Security of Central and Local Government Agencies (2013) Original | English

 

 

  1. Iceland

National cyber security strategy
National Cyber Security Strategy 2015-2026 (2014) Original | English summary

 

  1. Italy

National security and defence strategies
White Paper on Defence (2015) Original | English

National cyber security strategy
National Strategic Framework for the Security of Cyberspace (2013) Original | English
National Plan for Cyber Security (2013) Original | English
Decree on National Cyber Security (2013) Original | English

 

  1. Latvia

National security and defence strategies
The State Defence Concept (2012) Original | English
The National Security Concept (2011) Original | English

National cyber security strategy
Latvian cyber security strategy for the period 2014 to 2018 (2014) Original | English

National legislation
Law on the Security of Information Technologies (2010) Original | English

 

  1. Lithuania

National Security and Defence Strategies
National Security Strategy (2012) Original | English
The Military Strategy of the Republic of Lithuania (2012) Original | English

National cyber security strategy
Programme for the Development of Electronic Information Security for 2011–2019 (2011) Original | English

National legislation
Cybersecurity Act (2014) Original | English

 

  1. Luxembourg

National cyber security strategy
National Strategy on Cyber Security (2011) Original | English

 

  1. The Netherlands

National security and defence strategies
National counterterrorism strategy 2011-2015 (2011) Original | English
Defence Doctrine (2013) Original | English
International Security Strategy: A Secure Netherlands in a Secure World (2013) Original | English

National cyber security strategy
National Cyber Security Strategy 2: From Awareness to Capability (2013) Original | English
Defence Cyber Strategy (2012) Original | English

 

  1. Norway

National cyber security strategy
Cyber Security Strategy for Norway (2012) Original | English
Cyber Security Strategy for Norway. Action Plan (2012) Original | English

 

  1. Poland

National security and defence strategies
National Security Strategy of the Republic of Poland (2014) Original | English

National cyber security strategy
Cyberspace Protection Policy of the Republic of Poland (2013) Original | English
Cybersecurity Doctrine of the Republic of Poland (2015) Original | English summary

 

  1. Portugal

National security and defence strategies
National Strategic Defence Concept (2013) Original | English

National cyber security strategy
National Strategy for the Security in Cyberspace (2013) Original | English

 

  1. Romania

National cyber security strategy
Romania’s Cyber Security Strategy and the National Action Plan on Implementation of the National Cyber Security (2013)  Original| English

 

  1. Slovakia

National security and defence strategies
White Paper on Defence of the Slovak Republic (2013) Original | English

National cyber security strategy
Cyber Security Concept of the Slovak Republic for 2015 – 2020 (2015) Original | English
Action Plan to the Cyber Security Concept of the Slovak Republic for 2015 – 2020 (2015) Original | English

 

  1. Slovenia

National security and defence strategies
Resolution on the National Security Strategy of the Republic of Slovenia (2010) Original | English

National cyber security strategy
Cyber Security Strategy of the Republic of Slovenia (2016) Original | English

 

  1. Spain

National security and defence strategies
The National Security Strategy: Sharing a Common Project (2013) Original English

National cyber security strategy
National Cyber Security Strategy (2013) Original | English

 

  1. Turkey

National security and defence strategies
2016-2019 National Cyber Security Strategy (2016) Original | English      *NEW*

 

  1. United Kingdom

National security and defence strategies
A Strong Britain in an Age of Uncertainty: The National Security Strategy (2010) Original

National cyber security strategy
National Cyber Security Strategy 2016-2021 (2016) Original     

 

  1. United States of America

National security and defence strategies
National Security Strategy (2015) Original

National cyber security strategy
The National Strategy to Secure Cyberspace (2003) Original
Cyberspace Policy Review (2009) Original
International Strategy for Cyberspace. Prosperity, Security, and Openness in a Networked World (2011) Original
Draft Strategy for Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity (2014) Original
President’s Executive Order on Drawing up a Strategy for Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity (2013) Original
The Department of Defence Cyber Strategy (2015) Original

National legislation
Cybersecurity Act of 2015 Original
Cybersecurity Enhancement Act of 2014 Original
National Cybersecurity Protection Act of 2014 Original

 

Non-NATO Nations

 

Europe

 

  1. Austria

National Security and Defence Strategies
Austrian Security Strategy (2013) Original | English 

National cyber security strategy
National ICT Security Strategy Austria (2012) Original | English
Austrian Cyber Security Strategy (2013) Original | English

 

  1. Bosnia and Herzegovina

National security and defence strategies
Bosnia and Herzegovina Strategy for Prevention and Fight Against Terrorism (2010) Original | English

 

  1. Cyprus

National cyber security strategy
Cybersecurity Strategy of the Republic of Cyprus (2013) Original | English

 

  1. Finland

National security and defence strategies
Security Strategy for Society (2010) Original | English
Finnish Security and Defence Policy (2012) Original | Swedish | English  

National cyber security strategy
Finland’s Cyber Security Strategy (2013) Original | English
Finland’s Cyber Security Strategy – Background Dossier (2013) Original | English

 

  1. Georgia

National Security and Defence Strategies
National Security Concept of Georgia (2014) English

National cyber security strategy
Cyber Security Strategy of Georgia 2012-2015 Original | English

 

  1. Ireland

National Security and Defence Strategies 
White Paper on Defence (2015) Gaelic | English

National Cyber Security Strategy
National Cyber Security Strategy 2015-2017 English

 

  1. Malta

National cyber security strategy
Malta Cyber Security Strategy (2016) English      *NEW*

 

  1. Montenegro

National cyber security strategy
Strategy on Cyber Security of Montenegro to 2017 (2013) Original | English

 

  1. Russia

National security and defence strategies
National Security Strategy of the Russian Federation (2015) Original | English
Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation (2014) Original | English
Concept of the Foreign Policy of the Russian Federation (2013) Original | English
National Security Strategy 2009-2020 (2008) English 
National Security Concept of the Russian Federation (2000) Original English

National cyber security strategy
Information Security Doctrine of the Russian Federation (2000) Original | English 
Renewal underway. Information Security Doctrine of the Russian Federation (2016 draft) Original | English       *NEW*
Basic Principles for State Policy of the Russian Federation in the Field of International Information Security (2013) Original | English
Conceptual Views Regarding the Activities of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation in the Information Space (2011) Original | English
Concept of Russia’s Cyber Security Strategy – draft underway (as of Jan 2014) Original | English
See related policy documents on the Russian Federation Security Council website

 

  1. Serbia

National security and defence strategies
White Paper on Defence of the Republic of Serbia (2010) Original | English

National legislation
Cyber Law (draft as of 2015) Original

 

  1. Sweden

National Security and Defence Strategies
Sweden’s Defence Policy 2016 to 2020 (2015) Original | English summary

 

  1. Switzerland

National cyber security strategy
National Strategy for Switzerland’s Protection Against Cyber Risks (2012) Original | English

 

  1. Ukraine

National Security and Defence Strategies
Draft National Security Strategy (2015) Original

National cyber security strategy
Cyber Security Strategy (2016) Original
 

  1. European Union

Cybersecurity Strategy of the European Union: An Open, Safe and Secure Cyberspace – JOIN(2013) 1 final – 7/2/2013 (2013) English 
 

Asia & Oceania

 

  1. Afghanistan

National cyber security strategy
National Cyber Security Strategy of Afghanistan (NCSA) (2014) Original | English

 

  1. Australia

National security and defence strategies
Strong and Secure. A Strategy for Australia’s National Security (2013) Original
2016 Defence White Paper (2016) Original     *NEW*

National cyber security strategy
Australia’s Cyber Security Strategy  (2016) Original      *NEW*

 

  1. Azerbaijan

National cyber security strategy
National Strategy of the Republic of Azerbaijan on the Development of the İnformation Society for the years 2014-2020 (2014) Original | English

 

  1. Bangladesh

National cyber security strategy
National Cybersecurity Strategy (2014) Original | English

 

  1. China

National security and defence strategies
National Security Strategy (2015) Original (summary unofficial)
National Military Strategy (2014) English (unofficial)

National cyber security strategy
National Cybersecurity Strategy (2016) English (unofficial)            *NEW*
International Strategy of Cooperation on Cyberspace (2017) English (unofficial)               *NEW*
National legislation
Cybersecurity law of the People´s Republic of China (2016) English (unofficial)             *NEW*

 

  1. India

National cyber security strategy
National Cyber Security Policy (2013) Original | English

 

  1. Israel

National legislation
Advancing National Cyberspace Capabilities, Government Resolution No. 3611 (2011) Original | English
Advancing National Regulation and Governmental Leadership in Cyber Security, Government Resolution No. 2443 (2015) Original | English
Advancing the National Preparedness for Cyber Security, Government Resolution No. 2444 (2015) Original | English
Background for the Government Resolutions Regarding Advancing the National Preparedness for Cyber Security and Advancing National Regulation and Governmental Leadership in Cyber Security  | English

 

  1. Japan

National security and defence strategies
Japan Defense (2015) Original | English

National cyber security strategy
Cybersecurity Strategy – Toward a World-Leading, Resilient and Vigorous Cyberspace (2013) Original | English
International Strategy on Cybersecurity – j-Initiative for Cybersecurity (2013) Original | English
Cyber Security Strategy (2015) Original | English summary 
See related policy documents on the National Information Security Centre’s website

 

  1. Jordan

National cyber security strategy
National Information Assurance and Cyber Security Strategy (NIACSS) (2012) Original | English

 

  1. Malaysia

National cyber security strategy
The National Cyber-Security Policy (2006) Summary (in English) | Overview (in English)

 

  1. Mongolia

National security and defence strategies
National Security Concept of Mongolia (2010) Original | English

National cyber security strategy
Program on Information Security (2010) Original | English

 

  1. New Zealand

National security and defence strategies
New Zealand National Security System (2011) Original
Defence White Paper (2010) Original

National cyber security strategy
New Zealand’s Cyber Security Strategy (2015) Original
New Zealand’s Cyber Security Strategy Action Plan (2015) Original
National Plan to Address Cybercrime (2015) Original

 

  1. Pakistan

National cyber security strategy
Development announced in Mar 2014

National legislation
National Cyber Security Council Act (2014) English

 

  1. Qatar

National cyber security strategy
Qatar National Cyber Security Strategy (2015) Original English

 

  1. Samoa

National cyber security strategy
Samoa National Cyber Security Strategy (2017)  English                *NEW* 

 

  1. Saudi-Arabia

National cyber security strategy
National Information Security Strategy in Saudi Arabia (in development as of Feb 2013) Original | English
(Consultation note)

 

  1. Singapore

National cyber security strategy
National Cyber Security Masterplan 2018 (2013)
Factsheet on National Cyber Security Masterplan 2018
Cyber security strategy (2016) English             *NEW*

 

  1. South Korea

National security and defence strategies
Defense White Paper (2014) Original | English

National cyber security strategy
National Cybersecurity Masterplan (2011) Original | English

 

  1. United Arab Emirates

National cyber security strategy
National Cyber Security Strategy (2014) Original | English

Africa

 

  1. Botswana

National cyber security strategy
Development announced April 2015

 

  1. Egypt

National cyber security strategy
National ICT Strategy 2012-2017 (2013) Original | English

 

  1. Gambia

National cyber security strategy
Development announced March 2015

 

  1. Ghana

National cyber security strategy
Ghana National Cyber Security Policy & Strategy (2014) English

 

  1. Kenya

National cyber security strategy
Cybersecurity Strategy (2014) Original | English

 

  1. Mauritania

National cyber security strategy
National Strategy for Modernization of Administration and ICT 2012-2016 (2012) Original | English

 

  1. Mauritius

National cyber security strategy
National Cyber Security Strategy 2014-2019 (2014) Original | English

 

  1. Morocco

National cyber security strategy
National Strategy for Information Society and Digital Economy (“Digital Morocco 2013”) (2013) Arabic French English
(cyber security addressed under “Digital Confidence”)

 

  1. Nigeria

National cyber security strategy
National Cybersecurity Policy (2014) English
National Cybersecurity Strategy (2015) English

 

  1. South Africa

National security and defence strategies
South African Defence Review (2014) English

National cyber security strategy
Cyber Security Policy of South Africa (2012) Original | English

 

  1. Tanzania

National cyber security strategy
National cyber security strategy – drafting underway (June 2016)      *NEW*

 

  1. Uganda

National cyber security strategy
National Information Security Strategy (2011) Original | English

 

  1. Zimbabwe

National cyber security strategy
Cyber Security Policy (drafting ongoing as of November 2013)

 

  1. African Union

African Union Convention on Cyber Security and Personal Data Protection (2014) English 

Americas & the Caribbean

 

  1. Brazil

National security and defence strategies
Defense White Paper (2012) Original | English | Spanish

 

  1. Chile

National cyber security strategy
National Cybersecurity Policy (2017) Original | English

 

  1. Colombia

National cyber security strategy
National Cybersecurity and Cyberdefense Policy (2011) Original | English
Strategic Innovation Agenda on Cybersecurity(2014) Original | English

 

  1. Costa Rica

National cyber security strategy
Development announced March 2015

 

  1. Grenada

National cyber security strategy

Development announced Feb 2014

 

  1. Jamaica

National cyber security strategy

Jamaica National Cyber Security Strategy (2015) English | Spanish

 

  1. Panama

National cyber security strategy

National Strategy for Cyber Security and Critical Infrastructure Protection (2013) Original | English

  1. Trinidad and Tobago

National cyber security strategy

National Cyber Security Strategy (2012) English | Spanish